William Washington Woodward - Co. B, 27th GA Inf. 'Rutland Grays'
Wounded and captured at Battle of Sharpsburg, MD (Antietam)
The Battle at Sharpsburg, Maryland (aka the Battle of Antietam) was the bloodiest day in American combat history with over 23,000 casualties on both sides. Georgia Colonel John B. Gordon (later General8, Governor, Senator) and many Georgians were killed and wounded that day. The 27th GA regiment suffered 15 KIA and 89 wounded in the Maryland Campaign, among them its commander, Colonel Levi B. Smith4.
Stephen Woodward [age about 53] owned a 1000 acre plantation in southern Bibb County (off what's now Hartley Bridge Road) in addition to others in Lee County and elsewhere. His eldest son, John Hartwell Woodward [age 30]5,6,7, was also a Bibb County leader in public secession discussions. Stephen's son and John's younger brother, James Thomas Woodward5 [age 23], had moved to Calhoun County in 1859 with his wife and infant son, Stephen M. Woodward. The youngest brother, William Washington Woodward3,5, was wounded and captured as described in the article below. W.W. Woodward was apparently exchanged after 8 months recovery in federal hospitals, the article below indicating that he left Frederick City, MD, May 31st, 1863.
From the Macon Daily Telegraph - June 17, 1863 - Page 2, column 2
Notes & Sources:
1. AmericanCivilWar.com - Antietam (Sharpsburg)
2. Antietam on the Web - Battle at Sharpsburg - AOTW.org
3. William Washington Woodward, and his family are listed on page 419B of the 1870 CENSUS Dooly County GA.
4. Colonel Levi B. Smith was commanding the 27th Georgia Infantry Regiment. He was a captain of Company K (Talbot County) mustered in 10-Sep-1861, elected Colonel 11-Sep-1861. He received special mention for heroism at Seven Days in General D.H. Hill's report, and was killed at Sharpsburg, MD, as described above.
5. The Woodward brothers served in various units of the Confederate military:
1st Lt. John Hartwell Woodward - Co. D, 10th Batn GA Inf., 'Whittle Guards'6
Lt. James Thomas Woodward - Calhoun Rifles (Morgan, Georgia) Company D of the 12th Georgia Infantry, born March 18, 1837, died 8-May-1862, KIA at McDowell, VA. (Calhoun Rifles roster published Macon Daily Telegraph, June 28, 1861.)
William Washington Woodward - Co. B, 27th GA Inf., the 'Rutland Grays'
William W. Woodward was wounded at Sharpsburg, MD, September 17, 1862, and captured. An account of William's wounds and capture was published in the Macon Daily Telegraph June 17, 1863, page 2, column 2 (see above).
6. The men of the Whittle Guards wanted to elect John Hartwell Woodward as Captain, but he declined and was instead elected First Lieutenant of the company named in honor of Lewis N. Whittle, officially organized March 4, 1862. The Macon Daily Telegraph published a muster roll April 2, 1862 with and error: John Hartwell Woodward was listed incorrectly as "John H. Underwood." The Whittle Guards were mustered into Confederate service as Company D, 10th Battalion Georgia Infantry.
7. John H. Woodward was forced to resign due to illness June 11, 1862, not long after retrieving his brother's body from McDowell, Virginia. He again tried to make a go of it in the army by enlisting as 3rd Lt. Co C, 14th Batt Ga State Guards Aug 4, 1863, but again resigned due to disability. He would later serve two terms as Dooly County Court Judge, Representative in the Legislature in 1871-1872 and Senator in 1880. Born 16 Jan. 1831, died in Dooly County Oct 17, 1918 and buried at Vienna City Cemetery (Dooly County Georgia).
8. John B. Gordon's book: Reminiscences of the Civil War